Architecture Principe (Claude Parent, Paul Virilio)

Eglise Sainte-Bernadette-du-Banlay, Nevers, 1963-1966

Designed between 1963 and 1966, the Church of Sainte-Bernadette du Banlay in Nevers is the materialization of the crossing over of two lines of research: Paul Virilio’s “archeological” work on the bunkers of the Atlantic Wall (Bunker Archeology, 1958-1975) and Claude Parent’s research and critique of the modern plan exploring the concept of fracture and tipping over. The church of Banlay powerfully expresses this fracture in two heavy masses cantilevered over a central pillar that constitutes the junction point. For Parent, it is a “fault line.” This fracture, the determining element in the development of the project, enabled the designers to rethink, with the same tension, the unity and the discontinuity of the space. Dedicated to Bernadette Soubirous, the building also seeks to be the architectural transcription of the grotto where the saint witnessed her first apparitions. A “cryptic space,” a genuine monolithic and totally hermetic carapace, Sainte-Bernadette shocked the minds of a period still deeply affected by World War II and terrorized by the cold war and the constant nuclear threat. In his book Bunker Archeology, Virilio evoked these “concrete alters built facing the void of the ocean,” the funerary architecture of Egyptian mastabas and Etruscan tombs. He poeticized their immobile wait, remarking the anthropomorphic character of these capsized silhouettes. Sainte-Bernadette is a sacred space in which military language is introduced in the paradox: the bunker as a figure of oppression and of refuge, the grotto as the incarnation of humanity’s origins but also of the tomb, and the Church as a symbol of introspection and of ascension towards the light.

Eglise Sainte-Bernadette-du-Banlay, Nevers

Façade nord

Dessin

Crayon graphite sur calque

37.5 x 36.8 x

s. d.

993 01 47

Maquette N°1
Maquette
Bois
30 x 54 x 65
1963-1966
993 01 12

Maquette N°2
Maquette
Bois
16 x 100 x 45
1964-1966
993 01 13

Dessin
Encre sur calque
26.8 x 21.5
1963
993 01 06

Dessin
Encre sur papier
27.1 x 21
1963
993 01 07

Dessin
Encre sur papier
26.5 x 20.5
1963
993 01 08

Dessin
Encre sur papier
26.5 x 20.5
1963
993 01 09

Etude pour le presbytère, dessin de Paul Virilio
Dessin
Crayon graphite sur papier
21 x 27
1963
993 01 10

Etude pour le presbytère, dessin de Paul Virilio
Dessin
Crayon graphite sur papier
21 x 27
1963
993 01 11

Elévation
Dessin
Encre sur calque
58 x 100
1963-1966
993 01 14

Elévation
Dessin
Encre sur calque
55 x 79
1963-1966
993 01 15

Plan du rez-de-chaussée
Dessin
Encre sur calque
73 x 108
1963-1966
993 01 16

Perspective n°10
Dessin
Encre sur calque
74.8 x 103.7
1963-1966
993 01 17

Coupe
Dessin
Encre sur calque
74 x 91.2
1963-1966
993 01 18

Plan de la nef
Dessin
Encre sur calque
74 x 94.7
1963-1966
993 02 13

Plans, rez-de-chaussée, 1er et 2ème étages du presbytère. Coupe façade est, ouest, nord
Dessin
Encre sur calque
77.4 x 114.5
1963-1966
993 02 18

Dessin de Michel Carrade
Dessin
Tirage sur papier
72 x 91.5
1964-1966
009 61 01

Dessin de Michel Carrade
Dessin
Tirage sur calque
42 x 85.7
1964-1966
009 61 04

Dessin
Encre sur calque
45 x 81.5
s. d.
009 61 03

Façade nord
Dessin
Crayon graphite sur calque
37.5 x 36.8
s. d.
993 01 47

Sud/Est
Dessin
Crayon graphite sur calque
45.3 x 55
s. d.
993 01 48

Façade ouest/Façade nord
Dessin
Crayon graphite sur calque
43.3 x 49.5
s. d.
993 01 49

partager sur ou