Daniel Buren

Les 2 plateaux. Projet d'aménagement de la Cour du Palais Royal à Paris, 1986

Daniel Buren’s project was a response to the public commission for the improvement of the Main Courtyard of the Palais-Royal in Paris, launched by the Ministry of Culture in 1983, at the instigation of the President of the Republic, François Mitterrand. It was based on two fundamental principles, as specified by the artist: “The first consists in not erecting any sculpture in the middle of this Main Courtyard, as tradition would have it, but in revealing what lies beneath it. The second is aimed at including the project within the architectural composition of the Palais-Royal, which is essentially linear, repetitive and gridded. The planned monumental work emerges from the conjunction of these two principles, which is to say from all the possibilities of both of them, but nevertheless without them contradicting one another or cancelling each other out”. The new design of the Courtyard was governed by several axes or themes: the distribution of the columns of the Galerie d’Orléans determined the layout on the ground; the circumference and the inter-axis of the columns of the Palais-Royal dictated the height and spacing of the cylinders; the repetition of the stripes and the 260 cylinders established a unity and a structure in this huge complex by way of rhythmic connections; the way the Courtyard opens towards the gardens, the former being dominated by colonnades on only three sides; the desire to place the visitor in an intermediate position between two levels, thus offering a plural reading of the place; and last of all, the total occupation of the Courtyard’s 3000 sq. m.. As a participatory area, inviting spectators to construct their own viewpoint, Buren’s work invariably comes into being from the site and the people occupying it. The visitor, walking about the Courtyard, summoned here to sit down, climb, jump or lean, which is to say to vary the effect of how he sees the place, as is shown by the artist’s drawings, experiments with the site from an angle which can be endlessly renewed. The visitor becomes a “living statue”, a decipherer of a readable space, not only vertically up to 319 cm. above his head and down to 319 cm. below his feet, but also horizontally and diagonally. In ceaselessly intersecting to encourage the movement of people’s eyes, (up, down, over there, behind), they upset any rigid and unambiguous definition of the terms, because the real ground also becomes a ceiling for the cylinders which are driven into trenches.

N. L.

Les 2 plateaux. Aménagement de la Cour du Palais Royal, Paris

Dessin

Feutre sur papier

29.7 x 21 x

1986

995 19 01

Maquette
Bois, carton mousse, papier
22.5 x 94.5 x 69.5
1986
995 01 02

Dessin
Carton, adhésif blanc, crayon graphite et feutre sur papier
50 x 65
1986
995 01 01

Dessin
Feutre et collage sur papier
50 x 65
1986
995 02 01

Dessin
Feutre et adhésif blanc sur papier millimétré
50 x 60
1986
995 04 01

Dessin
Craie et peinture acrylique sur papier
50 x 65
1986
995 05 01

Dessin
Craie et pastel blanc sur papier blanc
50 x 65
1986
995 06 01

Dessin
Crayon graphite et adhésif sur papier millimétré
50 x 65
1986
995 07 01

Dessin
Feutre et pastel sur papier
35.5 x 43
1986
995 09 01

Dessin
Crayon de couleur et pastel sur papier
35.5 x 43
1986
995 10 01

Dessin
Feutre et pastel sur calque
35 x 28
1986
995 11 01

Dessin
Feutre sur papier
35.5 x 43
1986
995 12 01

Dessin
Encre et peinture sur photocopie
29.5 x 42
1986
995 13 01

Dessin
Feutre et peinture blanche sur photocopie
29.7 x 42
1986
995 14 01

Dessin
Feutre sur papier
30 x 40.5
1986
995 15 01

Dessin
Feutre sur papier
22 x 33
1986
995 16 01

Dessin
Feutre et pastel sur papier
21 x 29.7
1986
995 17 01

Dessin
Feutre sur papier
29.7 x 21
1986
995 18 01

Dessin
Feutre sur papier
29.7 x 21
1986
995 19 01

Dessin
Feutre sur papier
21 x 29.7
1986
995 20 01

Dessin
Crayon graphite sur papier
21 x 29.7
1986
995 21 01

Dessin
Feutre sur papier
21 x 29.7
1986
995 22 01

Dessin
Feutre et pastel sur papier
21 x 29.7
1986
995 23 01

Dessin
Feutre sur papier
29.7 x 21
1986
995 24 01

Dessin
Feutre sur papier
22 x 33
1986
995 25 01

Détail colonnes, implantation caillebotis, carrelage plan n° 21
Dessin
Tirage sur papier
59 x 84.5
1986
995 26 01

Coupes, plan n° 13
Dessin
Tirage sur papier
59 x 84.5
1986
995 27 01

Terrassements niveaux finis, plan n° 15
Dessin
Tirage sur papier
59 x 84.5
1986
995 28 01

Sous-sol existant, plan n° 12
Dessin
Tirage sur papier
59 x 84.5
1986
995 29 01

Principe d'implantation, plan n° 11
Dessin
Tirage sur papier
59 x 84.5
1986
995 30 01

Détail implantation des colonnes, plan n° 24
Dessin
Tirage sur papier
60.2 x 72.5
1986
995 31 01

Dessin
Crayon graphite et feutre sur calque
50 x 65
1986
995 32 01

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