Bernard Tschumi

Parc de la Villette, Paris, 1983-1992

The program for the Parc de la Villette envisaged a major concentration of a broad range of cultural, pedagogical, sporting and leisure activities on a 55-hectare site. Tschumi won the competition held for the project in 1982. He decided not to construct additional buildings but rather to distribute the requirements of the program across the entire site. The Parc, located on the edge of the city, a meeting place for cultural exchanges and blending, had to fit three types of requirements, i.e., receive the main activities of course, and deal with the related flows, while creating areas for sports and leisure. Tschumi proposed three superimposed systems: points materialized by the Follies; the curving and straight lines indicating the circulations and, for the playing fields, surfaces defined by vast green expanses. These systems overlap in “contaminations”, intersections that invite the spectator/stroller to alternate from one type of use to another. The twenty-five Follies of the Parc de la Villette, placed at intervals of 120 meters, form a regular and orthogonal grid distributed across the whole site. Some of them have a function (restaurant, café, security office, etc.), others have none. They were all designed based on the principle of creating variations of a red cube with sides of 10.8 meters, all more or less open to the exterior and revealing a structure of 27 smaller cubes with sides of 3.6 meters. Their generic name, “folly,” is a reference to the Folia of the baroque period, which were musical variations on a unchanging bass composed in the late 16th and early 17th centuries, as well as to the Follies of 18th century English gardens, which were picturesque structures designed to surprise and delight strollers, but also to the common noun Folly. Each one has its own name (Submarine Folly, P7, N5), evoking a huge imaginary naval battle underway across the whole park.

Nadine Labedade

Parc de la Villette, Paris

Premières esquisses

Dessin

Encre, crayon de couleur et peinture sur papier

28 x 35.5 x

1983

992 01 58

Maquettes combinatoires
Maquette
Plexiglas, bois, peinture
12 x 36 x 30.5
1983
992 01 62

Maquettes combinatoires
Maquette
Plexiglas, bois, peinture
11.5 x 36 x 30.5
1983
992 02 62

Maquettes combinatoires
Maquette
Plexiglas, bois, peinture
18 x 36 x 30.5
1983
992 03 62

Maquettes combinatoires
Maquette
Plexiglas, bois, peinture
18 x 36 x 30.5
1983
992 04 62

Maquettes combinatoires
Maquette
Plexiglas, bois, peinture
11.5 x 36 x 30.5
1983
992 05 62

Maquettes combinatoires
Maquette
Plexiglas, bois, peinture
12 x 36 x 30.5
1983
992 06 62

Maquettes combinatoires
Maquette
Plexiglas, bois, peinture
11.5 x 36 x 30.5
1983
992 07 62

Maquettes combinatoires
Maquette
Plexiglas, bois, peinture
20 x 36 x 30.5
1983
992 08 62

Maquettes combinatoires
Maquette
Plexiglas, bois, peinture
19 x 36 x 30.5
1983
992 09 62

Maquettes combinatoires
Maquette
Plexiglas, bois, peinture
12 x 36 x 30.5
1983
992 10 62

Folie P7
Maquette
Bois, peinture, métal, plastique, carton
21.9 x 60.9 x 30.7
1991
992 01 63

Folie sous-marin
Maquette
Bois, peinture, métal, plastique, carton
18.5 x 61.5 x 31.5
1992
992 01 64

Déconstruction Programmatique
Dessin
Encre, peinture et crayon graphite sur papier
50 x 69
1983
992 01 55

La Case Vide
Dessin
Encre sur papier contrecollé sur papier
29 x 29
1983
992 01 56

Premières esquisses
Dessin
Encre, crayon de couleur et peinture sur papier
28 x 35.5
1983
992 01 58

Premières esquisses
Dessin
Encre, crayon de couleur et peinture sur papier
28 x 35.5
1983
992 01 59

Premières esquisses
Dessin
Encre, crayon de couleur et peinture sur papier
35.5 x 28
1983
992 01 60

Photogrammes combinatoires
Dessin
Collage photographique sur papier
69 x 98.2
1983
992 01 61

La Case Vide
Dessin
Encre sur papier
29 x 29
1983
992 02 56

La Case Vide
Dessin
Encre sur papier
29 x 29
1983
992 04 56

La Case Vide
Dessin
Encre sur papier
29 x 29
1983
992 05 56

La Case Vide
Dessin
Encre sur papier
29 x 29
1983
992 06 56

La Case Vide
Dessin
Encre sur papier
29 x 29
1983
992 07 56

La Case Vide
Dessin
Encre sur papier
29 x 29
1983
992 09 56

La Case Vide
Dessin
Encre sur papier
29 x 29
1983
992 10 56

La Case Vide
Dessin
Encre sur papier
29 x 29
1983
992 11 56

La Case Vide
Dessin
Feutre et crayon de couleur sur papier
29 x 29
1983
992 12 56

Axonométrie éclatée
Sculpture
Acrylique sur aluminium, plexiglas
305.5 x 160 x 140
1983
992 01 68

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