Ionel Schein

Maison tout en plastiques, Salon des Arts ménagers, Paris, 1956

In April 1955, Ionel Schein designed the first “all-plastic house” in collaboration with Y. Magnant (engineer) and R.A. Coulon (architect, professor at the Collège de France). In February of 1956 a life-size example was built and presented at the Paris Household Arts Show (Salon des Arts Ménagers), with the display drawing over 200,000 visitors. The French and international press – over 6,000 newspapers and magazines – gave wide coverage to the event. The house was financed by the Charbonnages de France (state-owned coal mining and processing company) and the Houillères du Nord (coal mining company) which saw in it a spectacular way to promote the vast number of possible applications for plastic materials derived from coal. Fourteen types of plastic were utilized in its construction. Schein advocated the use of these revolutionary materials for three main reasons: their ease of implementation, lightness and the speed with which they can be reproduced. Thus, by industrializing flexible dwelling modules in new forms, Schein was encouraging occupants to determine the organization of their own interior spaces. For Ionel Schein, plastic architecture was the architecture of life. Inspired directly from nature, the snail-like plan of this house is a major departure from the orthogonal plans commonly used. Plastic materials allow for complete control of forms and enable the dwelling to develop according to an organic pace of growth: “Plastic materials can now enable the expression of a biological style” (Ionel Schein).

Maison tout en plastiques, Salon des Arts ménagers, Paris

Dessin

Encre et crayon graphite sur calque

37.4 x 38.8 x

1956

997 12 18

Ech. 1:25
Maquette
Plastique, bois
27.5 x 72 x 72
1956-1997
997 01 401

Libérer les murs
Dessin
Crayon graphite sur papier
21.4 x 29.6
1956
997 02 40

Esquisse, essais
Dessin
Encre, crayon graphite et crayon de couleur sur calque
37.3 x 24.7
1956
997 05 18

Dessin
Encre et lavis sur calque
40.7 x 37.3
1956
997 07 18

Dessin
Crayon graphite sur calque
45.5 x 45.5
1956
997 11 18

Dessin
Encre et crayon graphite sur calque
37.4 x 38.8
1956
997 12 18

mp 2 am56
Dessin
Encre sur calque
35.5 x 39.7
1956
997 14 18

Dessin
Encre et feutre sur calque
21.5 x 32.5
1956
997 16 19

Coupe rez-de-chaussée
Dessin
Encre sur calque
34.5 x 53
1956
997 18 18

Schémas perspectifs
Dessin
Crayon graphite sur papier
19 x 26
1956
997 18 19 a

Schémas perspectifs
Dessin
Crayon graphite sur papier
19 x 26
1956
997 18 19 b

Vue partielle de la façade extérieure
Dessin
Encre sur calque
36 x 61
1956
997 19 18

Aménagement intérieur
Dessin
Encre sur calque
46 x 67.8
1956
997 20 18

Dessin
Crayon graphite sur calque
37.5 x 43
1956
997 21 18

Dessin
Encre sur calque
37.9 x 42.8
1956
997 22 18

Dessin
Crayon de couleur sur papier
20 x 25.5
1956
997 22 19 a

Dessin
Crayon de couleur sur papier
25.5 x 20
1956
997 22 19 b

Dessin
Crayon de couleur sur papier
25.5 x 20
1956
997 22 19 c

Dessin
Crayon de couleur sur papier
20 x 25.5
1956
997 22 19 d

Dessin
Crayon graphite sur calque
37.7 x 39.8
1956
997 23 18

Schémas perspectifs
Dessin
Encre et crayon graphite sur papier
19 x 26
1956
997 32 19 a

Schémas perspectifs
Dessin
Encre sur papier
26 x 19
1956
997 32 19 b

Schémas techniques (plancher cellules)
Dessin
Crayon graphite sur calque
37 x 42
s. d.
997 13 19

Plans schématiques, groupement d'habitations
Dessin
Crayon graphite sur calque
37 x 54.5
s. d.
997 15 19

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