Since the early 2000s, the international laboratory Open Source Architecture has been developing a practice that blends theoretical research and architectural design. With offices in Los Angeles, Tel Aviv and Montreal, and supported by numerous experts, the group considers the architectural project to be the result of an exchange of information across its network, much like the collaborative approach to software known as “open source,” which emerged from digital culture around the turn of the century. OSA utilizes computer assisted design tools to transpose performative and incredibly diverse natural forms to design and architecture. Their projects appear as dynamic and fluid systems whose forms result from the blending of parameters (climatic, technical, etc.) which inform the design process following an algorithmic protocol combining principles of evolutionary optimization and stochastic research on new solutions. Thus, in the Ecoscape project (2003), the building’s form is dictated by environmental conditions to which it responds by moving in such a way as to generate a maximum amount of energy, which is notably dependent on available sunlight.
Open Source Architecture was founded in 2002 by Aaron Sprecher, Chandler Ahrens and Eran Neuman, located respectively in Montreal, Los Angeles and Tel Aviv. Its members teach and regularly intervene around the world (Princeton, Rice, Syracuse University, Ohio State University, Technion, McGill University, Cooper Union). Their projects have been the subject of numerous exhibitions (Softspace, Houston, 2004; AIA ACADIA, Fabrication, Toronto, 2004; Drawn, Los Angeles, 2005; Pratt Institute, New York, 2010; Past, Present, Future, UCLA, Los Angeles, 2004 and 2010). In 2006, OSA organized the exhibition entitled The Gen[H]ome Project: Genetic and Domesticity, presented at the MAK Center in Los Angeles.