Marcos Novak

Architect (1957)

Since the early 1980s, when the home computer was still in its infancy, Marcos Novak showed an interest in the applications and implications of the digital tool in architecture. He was one of the first theoreticians of “cyberarchitecture”, that “architecture of cyberspace […] liquid, fluid, moving, constructed by information to occupy the information space”. More than an instrument of drawing and representation, for Novak the computer is a new tool opening up novel prospects: generating complex families of forms using mathematical algorithms, by adding a fourth dimension, time. Novak stresses the biological aspect of this architecture, which is also from now on subject to the principle of the evolution of species. He worked with specialists in the nano- and bio-technologies to produce this Alien, a radically new, autonomous architecture, freed from its origins. The concept of “transarchitecture” hallmarks this quest for symbiosis between the fluidity of the virtual and real space. The application of cyberspace notions would give rise to what he calls “invisible architecture”: an atmospheric and evolving architecture resulting from the augmentation of reality through the virtual. While simulated environments increase in number, Marcos Novak proposes complementing the concept of immersion with that of “eversion”, which reverses its logic in order to re-read and modify the everyday space by the yardstick of virtuality.

The Venezuelan architect, researcher, architectural theoretician and teacher, Marcos Novak, has a degree in architecture and computer science. He is invited all over the world, and is the author of many texts translated into almost 20 languages. His projects are regularly exhibited (ArchiLab, 2001; Venice Biennale, 2000, 2004, and 2008…). In 2008, the title of his manifesto book Transmitting Architecture (1995) was the theme of the 23rd International Congress of the International Union of Architects (IUA).

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