From the late 1950s on, Aldo Loris Rossi worked out an architecture which revealed a critical approach to the process of developing architectural form. The architect experimented with spatial configurations resulting from the dynamic development of forms whose complex arrangement lent buildings a powerful sculptural dimension. Influenced by the early international avant-gardes, as well as by the approach adopted by Frank Lloyd Wright and Paolo Soleri, he based his research on an organic and Expressionist conception which he applied on different scales, ranging from the building to the urban project and land development. By championing a complete freedom of expression, taking into account, in the project, irrational and symbolic factors, Aldo Loris Rossi posited the theoretical bases of an architectural language henceforth defined as a mixture of organic-ness, megastructure and Expressionism. One of the basic concepts of his approach had to do with poly-functionality and poly-centricity, which he gave form to in 1968 in the project Materiale abitabile: Città struttura N. 1. Loris Rossi’s constructive method, which was applied in all his works, was based on a process of aggregation and growth, as well as on a principle of variability applied to a modular system (Edificio residenziale in via San Giacomo dei Capri, Naples 1966; building for the Servizi sociali per i lavoratori del porto di Napoli, 1968-1980), principles which helped to stimulate new social relations and establish an organic connection between the building and its environment. For him, architecture is a “prosthesis of nature” and a “new eco-politan frontier”.
Born in 1933 in Naples, Aldo Loris Rossi is an architect, critic, and lecturer, dean of the Faculty of Architecture in Naples and member of the Academy of Arts and Design in Florence. He attended Naples University without turning up for classes, and educated himself by studying the works of the masters of the Modern Movement; he met Paolo Soleri and forged friendships with Bruno Zedi and Luigi Piccinato. He won various international competitions including the Grand Prix Inernationale d’Urbanisme et d’Architecture at Cannes; Il restauro urbanistico dell’Acropoli di Pozzuoli in 1975, and Il risanamento ambientale della Pianna di Paestum in 1998. He has taken part in various international exhibitions: the Osaka World Fair in 1970; the Venice Biennale in 1978; Cultura/tecnologia/Metropoli in Florence in 1986; Dal Futurismo al futuro possibile in Tokyo 2002; and the Venice Biennale in 2006.