After designing the plan for a neighbourhood presented at the Ghent Competition, MIASTO extended their research to the whole city by way of a model of total urbanization. In the Etude d’une ville à haute densité dans la vallée de la Seine-Vétheuil, gigantic communication arches rise up out of the ground to a height of 150 metres/500 feet. With their shape conjuring up the principle of the Villes Alligators developed by Chanéac in 1967, they incorporated all the flows and systems for moving about in the metropolis. Here, it was the links and the network of transparent pneumatic sheaths which defined the structure and form of the city. Along these artificial hills are clustered, welded together to each other, the plastic cells earmarked for the housing units and areas of public life. The voids created by the superposition of the dwellings enable the light to penetrate between the volumes to illuminate pedestrian movements and allow the dwellings to enjoy unobstructed views. Liberation from the ground, individualized shared transport, differentiated dwellings, and a structural merger of communication systems and housing units were the project’s guiding ideas. Based on a huge peripheral ring, lines of deceleration are connected with the arched forms supported by pillars. Based on a sociological study of urban uses and networks (the brainchild of Henri Lefebvre), the project develops the option of a powerful plastic expressiveness, through the eruption of these megastructural forms, extruded like the “entrails” of a living organism.  As MIASTO explained, “By wrenching the city’s entrails from below ground (metro, pneumatic networks, supplies, evacuations), by highlighting them, by enveloping them in the actual matter of the city, we arrive at the image of a city constructed around and upon the means of communication.”

partager sur ou